The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)

In the realm of yoga, certain poses stand out as symbols of strength, balance, and grace. One such pose, often referred to as the “Queen of Asanas,” is Salamba Sarvangasana, more commonly known as the Shoulderstand. In this blog post, we will explore the nuances of this majestic pose, diving into its name, description, historical significance, steps to perform it, benefits, suitable skill level, and safety tips.

Salamba Sarvangasana:

Salamba Sarvangasana, derived from Sanskrit, translates to “Supported Shoulderstand.” In this pose, practitioners lie on their backs and lift their legs, torso, and hips, supporting their lower back with their hands. The body forms a straight line from shoulders to toes, with the weight resting on the shoulders. This asana exemplifies strength, balance, and the harmonious alignment of body and mind.

Historical Significance of Salamba Sarvangasana

This Asana has a rich historical background, rooted in ancient yoga traditions. It finds mention in classical yoga texts like the Yoga Korunta, emphasizing its importance in the yogic journey. Yogis of the past believed that this pose could balance the entire body’s energy, promoting overall well-being and vitality.

The Queen Of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand)
The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)

Important Tips:

  • Warm-up: Always warm up your body before attempting Salamba Sarvangasana to prepare your muscles and joints.
  • Use Props: If you’re a beginner, consider placing a folded blanket under your shoulders for support and padding.
  • Avoid Neck Strain: Avoid turning your head while in the pose to prevent straining your neck.
  • Listen to Your Body: If you feel any discomfort, pain, or strain, gently come out of the pose and try again after proper rest.

Steps to Perform Salamba Sarvangasana

Lie Down:

Start by lying flat on your back on a yoga mat with your legs extended and arms alongside your body, palms facing down.

The Queen Of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand)
The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)

Lift Your Legs:

Inhale deeply and engage your core muscles. As you exhale, gently lift your legs off the ground, bringing them toward the ceiling. Keep your legs straight and strong.

Support Your Back:

Place your hands on your lower back for support. Press your arms and elbows firmly into the mat, lifting your torso and hips off the ground. Your weight should rest on your shoulders, not on your neck.

Straighten Your Legs:

Slowly straighten your legs upward, forming a 90-degree angle with the floor. Keep your neck and head in a neutral position, looking straight up.

Hold the Pose:

Maintain the position, breathing deeply and steadily. Keep your body in a straight line from shoulders to toes. Relax your facial muscles and focus on your breath.

Toes Overhead:

If comfortable, you can further lift your legs beyond the 90-degree angle, bringing them over your head, aiming to touch the ground behind you. Ensure your weight remains on your shoulders and not on your neck.

The Queen Of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand)
The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)

Hold and Breathe:

Hold the pose for a few breaths, allowing your body to settle into the stretch. Keep breathing deeply and evenly to maintain your balance and stability.

Exit the Pose:

To release the pose, slowly bend your knees and lower your legs back over your head, gently rolling your spine onto the mat. Once your lower back and hips are grounded, release your hands from your back and lower your legs to the mat.


After releasing the pose, lie flat on your back for a moment, allowing your body to relax and regain its natural alignment. Focus on your breath and the sensations in your body.

Benefits of Salamba Sarvangasana

The Queen Of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand)
The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)
  • Improved Circulation: This pose enhances blood circulation, benefiting the heart and improving overall cardiovascular health.
  • Thyroid Stimulation: Shoulderstand stimulates the thyroid gland, regulating metabolism and promoting hormonal balance.
  • Relieves Stress: Practicing this yoga asana calms the nervous system, reducing stress, anxiety, and fatigue.
  • Strengthens Muscles: It strengthens the shoulders, neck, and upper back muscles, promoting better posture and spinal health.
  • Enhances Respiratory Function: The pose expands the chest, improving lung capacity and respiratory efficiency.

Suitable Skill Level

Salamba Sarvangasana is considered an intermediate to advanced yoga pose. It requires a strong core, stable shoulders, and neck strength. Beginners should approach this pose under the guidance of an experienced yoga instructor and gradually progress as their strength and flexibility improve.

The Queen Of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand)
The Queen of Asanas: Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulderstand)

Safety Tips

  • Warm-up Thoroughly: Ensure your body is adequately warmed up before attempting Shoulderstand to prevent strain and injury.
  • Avoid Jerky Movements: Enter and exit the pose with smooth, controlled movements to protect your neck and spine.
  • Use Props: If necessary, use props like blankets or yoga blocks to support your shoulders and neck for added safety.


Incorporating this yoga asana into your yoga practice can bring a sense of empowerment and balance. With mindful practice, patience, and respect for your body’s limitations, you can harness the regal essence of the Queen of Asanas, experiencing its profound impact on your physical and mental well-being. Happy yoga journey!

FAQs Related to the Queen of Asanas

1. Are there variations of Shoulderstand for advanced practitioners?

Yes, advanced practitioners can explore variations like Parsva Sarvangasana (Side Shoulderstand) or Eka Pada Sarvangasana (One-Legged Shoulderstand). These variations challenge balance and strength, deepening the practice for those with a strong foundation in Shoulderstand.

2. Can Shoulderstand be practiced during menstruation?

It’s generally advised to avoid inverted poses like Shoulderstand during menstruation, as they may disrupt the natural flow of energy. Listen to your body and opt for gentler poses during this time.

3. How long should one hold the Shoulderstand pose?

The duration varies based on individual practice and comfort. Beginners can start with a few breaths, gradually increasing the time as strength and stability improve. Always prioritize proper form over duration.

4. Are there any alternatives for Shoulderstand for individuals with neck or back issues?

Yes, individuals with neck or back issues can practice supported Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana) with props under their hips. Always consult a healthcare professional or yoga therapist for personalized modifications.

5. What are the mental benefits of practicing Shoulderstand?

Shoulderstand, when practiced mindfully, can help reduce stress and anxiety. The inverted position calms the nervous system, promoting relaxation and mental clarity. Regular practice can enhance overall emotional well-being.

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